Top 20 German Adjectives

20 most important German Adjectives

Here is a list of what we thought are the 20 most important German adjectives. The ending of adjectives can change depending on gender, case and what type of article comes before the adjective. We have shown you these different types of endings in tables below ­čÖé German adjectives come before the noun they describe, but when used with a verb it is placed after the verb. You can also read our blog How to use German Adjectives.

Top 20 German Adjectives:

alt
old
gl├╝cklich
happy
gro├č
big, tall
gut
good
jung
young
klein
small, little
klug
clever
kurz
short
lang
long
langsam
slow
leicht
easy
m├╝de
tired
nah
close
nett
nice
neu
new
schnell
fast
sch├Ân
beautiful
schwer
difficult
traurig
sad
weit
far


The adjective won’t change its form if placed directly after a verb.

For example:

Dieses Buch ist sehr gut.
Simone malt sch├Ân.

But if the adjective is placed before a noun, the ending will change.

For example:

Simone malt sch├Âne Bilder.

And here are the different endings of adjectives:

Adjectives used after the definite article der, die and das:

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural all Genders
Nominative der alte die alte das alte die alten
Accusative den alten die alte das alte die alten
Dative dem alten der alten dem alten den alten
Genitive des alten der alten des alten der alten


Adjectives used after possessive adjectives and the indefinite articles ein and kein:

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural all Genders
Nominative kein alter keine alte kein altes keine alten
Accusative keinen alten keine alte kein altes keine alten
Dative keinem alten keiner alten keinem alten keinen alten
Genitive keines alten keiner alten keines alten keiner alten


Adjectives used, when there is no article before the noun:

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural all Genders
Nominative alter alte altes alte
Accusative alten alte altes alte
Dative altem alter altem alten
Genitive alten alter alten alter
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