Forming the plural of English nouns follows mostly the same pattern. In most cases you have to add -s to the end of the noun.
credit card ⇨ credit cards
customer ⇨ customers
There are some nouns in English that are irregular and do not follow this rule.
information ⇨ information
tooth ⇨ teeth
In German, on the other hand, are different ways of making a noun plural. Which way to use mainly depends on the gender and the ending of a noun. Let’s look at the feminine nouns more closely.
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Most feminine nouns add -n, -en or -nen to the singular noun to form their plural.
- Feminine nouns ending in -e just add -n to form their plural.
- Feminine nouns ending in -in add -nen to form their plural.
- Most other feminine nouns end in -en in their plural form.
die Rechnung ⇨ die Rechnungen
die Katze ⇨ die Katzen
die Kundin ⇨ die Kundinnen
Table: Feminine Nouns ending in -n, -en and -nen:
|Singular Noun||Plural Noun||Singular Noun||Plural Noun|
|die Tasche||die Taschen||die Metzgerei||die Metzgereien|
|die Münze||die Münzen||die Meinung||die Meinungen|
|die Schule||die Schulen||die Freiheit||die Freiheiten|
|die Aufgabe||die Aufgaben||die Freundin||die Freundinnen|
- There are only a few feminine nouns that have an umlaut ä, ö or ü in their plural. These nouns often have one syllable only.
die Kuh (cow) ⇨ die Kühe
die Hand (hand) ⇨ die Hände
The rule of thumb for feminine nouns is that they mostly end in -en in their plural form (Katzen, Rechungen, Kundinnen). An umlaut ä, ö or ü appears very rarely in the plural form.