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JabbaLab language blog

Wed, Mar 16th 2011




Advanced German Alphabet- Double Vowels and Consonants

Advanced German Alphabet- Double Vowels and Grouped Consonants

In this post, we are looking at the advanced features of the German alphabet. We are looking at the pronounciation of words with double vowels and grouped consonants.

Below is a table showing the different combinations of vowels and consonants that are important to learn to help correctly pronounce German words. We have also recorded a video to help you hear the correct pronounciation of these advanced German alphabet combinations. This video can be viewed at the bottom of this post.

Double Vowels

äu – Pronounced oy

German
Pronounced English
der Bräutigam
Broytigam groom
die Enttäuschung
Enttoyshung disappointment
das Gebäude
Geboyder building
das Geräusch
Geroysh noise
die Kräuter
Kroyter herbs
der Säugling
Soygling infant

eu – Pronounced oy

German
Pronounced English
das Abenteuer
Arbentoyer experience
Deutsch
Doytsh German
das Feuer
Foyer fire
die Freude
Froyder happiness
der Freund
Froynd friend
das Flugzeug
Floogzoyg airplane
die Neuigkeit
Noyigkite news
das Neujahr
Noyyar New Year

ai: – Pronounced i (eye)

German
Pronounced English
der Hai
Hi shark
der Kaiser
Kiser emperor
der Mai
Mi May
der Waise
Viser orphan

ei: – Pronounced i (eye)

German
Pronounced English
reich
ri(ch)e (see ch below) rich
klein
kline small
der Streit
strite argument

au – Pronounced ow as in How

German
Pronounced English
die Taufe
Towfer christening
kaufen
kowfen to buy
das Haus
Howse house
der Rauch
Row(ch) smoke

ie – Pronounced ee

German
Pronounced English
die Liebe
Leeber love
wieder
veeder again
die Lieferung
Leeferung delivery
das Lied
Leed song
 

Grouped Consonants

ck – Pronounced K

German
Pronounced English
der Rucksack

Ruksak backpack
das Glück
Gluk luck
der Rock
Rok skirt
nackt
Nakt naked

ch This sound is not used in English. It’s like a soft K that’s stuck half way down the throat. It takes some getting used to and needs practice! Watch our video below to hear how this sounds.

German
English
der Koch
chef
die Achterbahn
rollercoaster
das Pech
bad luck
das Loch
hole

pf – Pronounced p-f but quickly. Both letters are pronounced. Watch the video to hear it in action :-)

German
Pronounced English
die Pfütze
p-futzer puddle
der Pfeffer
p-feffer pepper
der Apfel
apfell apple

ph – Pronounced f

German
Pronounced English
die Physik
Fisik physics
die Philosophie
Filosofy Philosophy
das Alphabet
alfabet alphabet
die Phase
Fase stage

qu – Pronounced qv

German
Pronounced English
die Qualität
Qvalitate quality
die Quantität
Qvantitate quantity
die Quelle
Qveller source
das Quiz
Qviz quiz

sch – Pronounced sh

German
Pronounced English
schön
shoen beautiful
Deutschland
Doytshland Germany
die Schlange
shlanger snake
das Schloss
shloss castle

sp – Pronounced shp

German
Pronounced English
der Sport
Shport sport
der Specht
Shpecht woodpecker
der Spargel
Shpargel aspargus
Spaghetti
Shpagetty spaghetti

st – Pronounced sht

German
Pronounced English
die Steuer
Shtoyer tax
der Stern
Shtern star
stark
Shtark strong
Stein
Shtine stone

th – Pronounced t

German
Pronounced English
das Thema
Tema topic
die Theorie
Teorie theory
das Thermometer
Termometer thermometer
Theater
Te-ater theatre

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